Guidance Note for a WRC Adjudication Hearing

The following is a general guide for the structure and procedure of a WRC Adjudication Hearing. It is a matter for the Adjudication Officer to run the hearing/investigation as appropriate for the circumstances of the case and in accordance with fair procedures.

At the start of the hearing the Adjudicator will welcome the parties and introduces themselves as the person appointed by the Director General to investigate the claims being heard today. They will advise everyone present as to how they will conduct the hearing.

The Adjudicator will clarify the claim(s) before them and verify appropriate data, depending on the type of claim.

The hearing is confidential and no recording of the hearing is permitted. Refusal to adhere to this rule may result in the hearing being terminated.

Investigations into claims made under the Industrial Relations Acts are less formal and hearings will be conducted by the Adjudicator as appropriate to the claim before them.

All other hearings will be conducted in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • The Adjudication Officer will ask if any preliminary issues need to be addressed. In the vast majority of cases the Adjudicator will take evidence in relation to preliminary points raised from both parties and then proceed to hear the substantive claim(s).
  • Both parties will, in turn, be asked to give a concise outline of their position in relation to the claims made (the type of case will determine which side starts first).
  • Then the Adjudicator will take direct evidence from both parties and all other relevant witnesses, if required. If a party is unrepresented the Adjudicator may lead the questions, otherwise this will be done through their representative.
  • The other party, or their representative, will be given the opportunity to question the parties and other witnesses regarding the evidence they have given.
  • When all evidence has been taken both parties are given the opportunity to present a summing up of the case, firstly by the party, or their representative, on whom the burden of proof rests, including submission of legal points and introduction of relevant case law. Then by the other party, or their representative, including submission of legal points and introduction of relevant case law.
  • In exceptional circumstances only the Adjudicator may accede to a request for or decide that further information needs to be submitted after the hearing and the timelines for such submissions will be agreed at the hearing. These timelines must be strictly adhered to. Failure to do so may result in decisions being issued in any event.

A written decision stating their names will be issued to the parties. An anonymised version of the decision will be uploaded to the Workplace Relations website. The exception to this are claims taken under the Employment Equality Acts, Pensions Acts and Equal Status Acts and parties will be named on the version uploaded to the website unless the Adjudication Officer decides there is a reason to anonymise the parties.

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The material contained herein is for general information purposes only and does not constitute legal or other professional advice. All rights reserved. If you require advice or further information, please contact Barry Crushell, Carmel Byrne, or your usual Aperture Partners contact. ©Aperture Partners 2017.

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